Galbanum Spain

Essential oil

Ferula gumosa

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General data

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Technical sheets

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Product details

Our added value

We process the gum into essential oil at our production facilities in Almaden de la Plata, Spain.

Popularised by green chypres, galbanum is characterised by its power, which marries perfectly with green notes, and also pairs well with floral accords. Its natural and intense touch softens woody notes, particularly cedars.

There are several species of Ferula, but only the gumosa species is used inperfumery. The galbanum, or the gummy ferrule, lives for an average of 7 to 8 years. It blooms only once in its life, just before dying.

During germination, F. gumosa develops a long, slender, deep root and a stem with two small leaves. In late April, the galbanum leaves develop and will dry one month later. By the start of the harvest in July, the entire plant has dried out. Its gum, which hardens over time, takes the form of rounded, sticky tears that are yellow to reddish in color.
In its third year of development, an outgrowth forms on the root collar. Galbanum gum is harvested from this outgrowth. To collect the galbanum, collectors start by digging around the roots down to a depth of 10 to 15 cm. They then incise or cut the neck of the root in successive slices. The collar is then covered with a stone so that it doesn’t dry out. A thick resin then flows from the incisions, and is harvested 10 to 25 days later. This process is repeated several times, until the end of the harvest.

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